Millmerran is located 82 kilometres south west of Toowoomba and is a small town which services the surrounding rich agricultural lands. It is situated on the Condamine and Macintyre Rivers catchment area. The population was 3221 residents in 2012 as recorded by the Australian Bureau of Statistics. The traditional owners of the Millmerran area of the Darling Downs are the Kamilaroi Aboriginal people who lived in the Millmerran region for many thousands of years before European settlement. There is a lookout close to the town which was used by the local Aborigines as a lookout. The name of the town is derived from two Kamilaroi Aboriginal words, 'meel' meaning eye and 'merran' meaning to look out. The main industries in the Millmerran region are sheep, cattle, poultry, dairy, cereal grains and cotton growing.

Along with the local hospital, nursing home, Police & Ambulance Stations, Millmerran has 2 grocery stores open 7 days a week, Newsagency, Pharmacy, Real Estate, Coffee Shop, Take Away and Bakery,  golf club, bowls club, tennis courts, solar heated swimming pool, well equipped Gym and Indoor Sports Centre.

The area was first settled by Europeans in 1841 when a sheep station called Yandilla was established. Millmerran has garden lined streets and has frequently been awarded Queensland’s tidy town prizes. It has a laid back country lifestyle. There are educational facilities that service from Prep to Year 10. Millmerran has a library, community centre, childcare facilities, and emergency services, many shops including an IGA supermarket and independent shops, banks and many churches. There are sporting clubs and an Indoor Sports Complex. There are many outdoor activities such as water sports and fishing on the Condamine River and camping and hiking at nearby locations. A short drive south of Millmerran is the Mount Basalt reserve. Mount Basalt is a unique geological and environmental landmark featuring rare volcanic formations. The reserve also has a variety of walking trails and a fantastic lookout. Other attractions include the Millmerran Historical Society Museum. Festivals in the region include the popular biennial Australian Camp Oven Festival, sheep races and the Millmerran show. The All Saint’s Church in nearby Yandilla is the second oldest church in Queensland. Millmerran is a well serviced town; however Toowoomba city is just over an hour’s drive away for any other needs.

The Southern Downs has a higher proportion of children, older people and males than the state average. There is also a high proportion of socioeconomically disadvantaged individuals (29%) a culturally diverse population with evidence of poor proficiency in English. The major causes of illness and death are coronary health disease, stroke, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), depression and lung cancer. The health determinants which drive these trends are harmful levels of alcohol consumption, smoking, obesity, poor nutrition, socioeconomic disadvantage, physical inactivity and mental health risk factors.The Millmerran Hospital is a 16 bed facility that offers general medical, emergency, high dependency aged care services, palliative care, obstetric care, x-ray and pharmacy. There are also health clinics which are regularly run and community health services such as mental health, school clinics and post natal visits. For more specialist services, residents can travel or be transferred to nearby Toowoomba Hospital. The Toowoomba Hospital is a large 324 bed Queensland Health public hospital. It has all the usual medical services plus more specialities including: intensive and coronary care, surgery, dialysis services, stroke and rehabilitation service, Ear, Nose and Throat surgery and a CT scanner. There are also two private hospitals in Toowoomba. There is a single track railway access to Millmerran via the South Western System of Queensland Rail.

The train travels south from Toowoomba or north from Warwick and passes through Pittsworth and Brookstead before reach Millmerran Station.There is also a return service. The Westlander train then travels from Toowoomba to Brisbane. Refer to the Queensland Rail website for more information.  From Toowoomba there are bus coach options to major centres such as Brisbane and Rockhampton. Greyhound Australia operates interstate coach services.

Flights currently operate to Brisbane and Sydney from Toowoomba aerodrome and the main flight operator is Skytrans.

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